Hybrid perovskites: An ideal semiconductor platform for high-performance electronic devices
Aditya Mohite is the PI of the Light-to-Energy team at LANL and directs an energy and optoelectronic devices lab working on understanding and controlling charge and energy transfer processes occurring at interfaces created with organic and inorganic materials for thin-film clean energy technologies. His research philosophy is applying creative and “out-of-the-box” approaches to solve fundamental scientific bottlenecks and demonstrate technologically relevant performance in devices that is on par or exceeds the current state-of-the-art devices. He has published more than 110 peer reviewed papers in journals such as Science, Nature, Nature Materials, Nature Nanotechnology, Nano Letters, ACS Nano, Chemical Society Reviews, Applied Physics Letters and Advanced Materials amongst others. He has also delivered more than 75 invited talks. He was also recently awarded the prestigious Resonate Award conferred by the Resnick Institute at Caltech to shine a light upon upcoming innovators below 40 in sustainable clean energy.
Born on March 15, 1930, in Vitebsk (USSR, now Belarus), in 1952 he graduated from Leningrad Electrotechnical Institute. In 1979 he became an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
In 2000 he was awarded (together with H. Kroemer) the Nobel Prize in Physics for basic work on information and communication technology particularly for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and optoelectronics.
As shown theoretically and experimentally in the studies carried out by the laureate at the Ioffe Institute, it is possible to control in a novel way fluxes of electrons and photons in semiconductor heterostructures, artificial crystals grown from semiconductors with different chemical compositions. Lasers, light-emitting diodes, photodiodes, transistors and solar cells developed on the basis of heterostructures are universally used in modern systems for information transfer and storage and in power engineering.
Alferov is one of the most prominent organizers of academic science in Russia and a proponent of creation of educational centres at leading institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). Educational Centre for Physics and Technology that he organized at the Ioffe Institute started its work in 1999, since 2009 Alferov has been the rector of the St Petersburg Academic University that he has founded on this base.
Zhores Alferov is an honorary doctor of more than 60 universities in the world.
Professor Hiroshi Amano, Doctor of Engineering
Hiroshi Amano received his BE, ME and DE degree in 1983, 1985 and 1989, respectively, from Nagoya University. From 1988 to 1992, he was a research associate at Nagoya University. In 1992, he moved to Meijo University, where he was an assistant professor, associate professor from 1998 till 2002, and professor from 2002 till 2010. He moved to Nagoya University, where he was a professor of Graduate School of Engineering from 2011 till 2015. On Oct. 1, 2015, he became a director of Center for Integrated Research of Future Electronics, Institute of Materials and Systems for Sustainability, Nagoya University. He has also been the director of the Akasaki Research Center (Akasaki Institute), Nagoya University since 2011. During his doctoral program at the Nagoya University Graduate School of Engineering, he was able to realize high-quality epitaxially grown GaN film with metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy (MOVPE), p-type GaN filmdoped with Mg while conducting research with Professor Akasaki.For the first time in history, he established the technology necessary for the production of blue LEDs, thus performing a great achievement the development of the high-luminosity blue LED. He is currently developing technologies for the fabrication of high-efficiency power semiconductor development and new energy-saving devices at Nagoya University. He has over 552 publications, and 32 patents. Prof. Amano shared the Nobel Prize in Physics 2014 with Prof. Isamu Akasaki and Prof. Shuji Nakamura "for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources"
Advanced Semiconductor Structures for Photovoltaics and Artificial Photosynthesis
Harry Atwater is the Howard Hughes Professor of Applied Physics and Materials Science at the California Institute of Technology. Atwater’s research has two themes: light-matter interactions in nanophotonic materials and structures as well as solar energy conversion. Atwater is an early pioneer in nanophotonics and plasmonics; he gave the name to the field of plasmonics in 2001. He has also created new high efficiency solar cell designs, and has developed principles for light management in solar cells, and he currently serves as Director of the DOE Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis. Harry Atwater is a Member of US National Academy of Engineering, and is also a Fellow of the American Physical Society, the Materials Research Society, and the National Academy of Inventors. Atwater is the co-founder of Alta Devices, a solar photovoltaics company which has developed 1 and 2 junction solar cells with world record efficiency.
Majorana Networks from the Bottom-Up
After obtaining his PhD in nanoelectrochemistry at the University of Utrecht, Erik started working at Philips Research in Eindhoven in 2000. He started his own research group, and the team focused on nanowires - lines of material with a width of several tens of nanometers- an area he continues to research, looking at integration into semiconductors in particular. In 2010, his growing interest in fundamental research resulted in Erik joining the Technical University of Eindhoven as well as Delft Technical University as part-time professor in the Quantum Transport group. His current interest is in Quantum Materials, to detect and manipulate Majorana states, and in Hexagonal Silicon, to demonstrate and exploit the predicted direct band gap in this material. He has received the Technical Review award from MIT, VICI grant, ERC CoG, and the Science AAAS Newcomb Cleveland Prize.
Bridging two worlds: colloidal vs epitaxial quantum dots
Manfred Bayer is professor of physics at TU Dortmund and working on laser spectroscopy of condensed matter. He has worked both on self-assembled and colloidal quantum dot structures. He received his diploma in physics (1992) and his Ph.D. (1997) at the University of Wuerzburg. He is a Fellow of the APS and a foreign member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Topology and Spin-Orbit Coupling in Low Dimensions Lead to Novel Directions in Spintronics
Albert Fert is Professor at Université Paris-Saclay and Scientific Director at UMR CNRS/Thales laboratory he co-founded in 1995. In 2007, Albert Fert and Peter Gruenberg received the Nobel Prize in Physics for their discovery of the Giant Magnetoresistance (GMR) in 1988. The GMR has led to important applications and, for example, has increased the capacity of the magnetic hard disks by a factor of about thousand. Its discovery has also led to the development of a new type of electronics exploiting the spin of the electrons and called spintronics. Albert Fert has contributed to this development. Today, his research is mainly on spintronic phenomena exploiting topology and spin-orbit interactions in low dimension systems (from magnetic skyrmions to topological insulators and Rashba 2DEGs).
Something new about graphene and two-dimensional materials
Sir Andre Geim is Regius Professor and Royal Society Research Professor at University of Manchester. He has received numerous awards and distinctions, including the John Carty Prize from the US National Academy of Sciences and the Copley Medal from the UK Royal Society, and holds honorary doctorates and professorships from many countries. Most notably, he was awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics for his groundbreaking work on graphene. Geim published many research papers, of which >20 were cited over 1,000 times and 4 cited >10,000 times. Thomson-Reuters repeatedly named him among the world’s most active scientists and attribute to him the initiation of three new research fronts – diamagnetic levitation, gecko tape and graphene. Sir Andre was also awarded the 2000 Ig Nobel prize for his work on diamagnetic levitation, becoming the only recipient of both Nobel and Ig Nobel Prizes.
Serge Haroche, born in 1944, is Professeur Emeritus at the Collège de France and member of the French Academy of Sciences. He has graduated from Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS), getting his PhD in physics in 1971. He has been Professor of Physics at Paris VI University (1975-2001) and Professor at the Collège de France from 2001 to 2015. He has been Administrateur (i.e. President) of this Institution from 2012 to 2015. Serge Haroche’s research has taken place in the laboratory Kastler Brossel of ENS. His research activities are in atomic physics and quantum information science. He has been a pioneer in Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics, the domain of quantum optics which studies the behaviour of atoms interacting with the field confined in a box made of highly reflecting mirrors. Serge Haroche has received many prizes and awards, including the gold medal of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (2009) and the 2012 Nobel Prize in physics.
Exploring condensed matter physics with a single spin microscope
Vincent Jacques (38 years old) is a CNRS research associate working at Laboratoire Charles coulomb (Montpellier, France). His research is mainly focused on the study of deep, optically-active, defects in wide bandgap materials and their applications in various fields of research ranging from quantum optics and quantum information science, to nanoscale sensing and hybrid quantum systems. In the recent years, his research group has demonstrated how nanoscale magnetic sensing with a single nitrogen-vacancy defect in diamond can be used as a powerful tool to explore exotic spin textures in thin magnetic materials. He has published more than 70 articles. He was recipient of the Edouard Branly prize from the “Fédération française des sociétés scientifiques” (2013) and of an ERC starting grant (2014).
Excitons in 2D Materials based on Transition Metal Dichalcogenides
Xavier Marie is Professor at the National Institute of Applied Sciences (University of Toulouse). His research focuses on electronic properties and optical spectroscopy of low dimensional semiconductor structures (quantum wells, quantum dots, 2D materials). Current topics include optical, valley and spin coherence in semiconductor nanostructures and band structure engineering of semiconductors for optical telecommunication devices and solar cells. He has joined the Institut Universitaire de France in 2005 as a Junior member and in 2015 as a Senior member. He is currently in charge of the Laboratory of Excellence NEXT (Nano, EXtreme measurements and Theory).
From epitaxy to science and technologies of metal chalcogenide van der Waals crystals
Prof. Patanè studied at the University of Rome “La Sapienza” where she graduated with first-class honours in Physics in 1994 and obtained a PhD in 1997. She worked as an EPSRC Research Associate (1998-2002) at the University of Nottingham, appointed Lecturer at Nottingham in 2002, and later promoted to Associate Professor (2006) and Professor of Physics (2011). Her research focuses on the quantum behavior of electrons in semiconductors, most recently on van der Waals crystals. Her research achievements were recognized by the Sir Charles Vernon Boys Medal and Prize of the Institute of Physics (2007), an EPSRC Advanced Research Fellowship (2004-09), a Leverhulme Trust Research Fellowship (2017-19), and the Chinese Academy of Sciences President’s International Fellowship (2018). She is Vice-Chair of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics Commission (IUPAP, Semiconductor Commission 2018-20) and a member of the Council Board of the European Magnetic Field Laboratory (2015-20).
Exotic topological phenomena in graphene and related materials
The specialty is theoretical physics, in particular, condensed matter theory. Recent subjects include electronic properties of low-dimensional systems such as semiconductor quantum structures, carbon nanotubes, and graphene. He received Doctor of Science at Department of Physics, University of Tokyo in 1973, became a research associate there, an associate professor at Institute of Applied Physics, University of Tsukuba in 1979, an associate professor at Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo in 1983, a professor in 1990, moved to Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology in 2002, retired in 2011, stayed there as a honorary professor there, and will be a visiting fellow at Toyota Physical and Chemical Research Institute in April 2018. He stayed at Technical University of Munich from 1975 to 1976 and at IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center from 1977 to 1978, worked as an Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Physical Society of Japan from 2012 to 2014, and is currently Honorary Director of SKKU Advanced Institute of Nano Technology (SAINT), Sungkyunkwan University, Korea.
Application of quantum Hall effect: The biggest revolution in metrology since the French Revolution
Klaus von Klitzing was born in Schroda (Germany) in 1943 and attended all ICPS conferences since 1972, with the exception of the Beijing conference in 1992. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Würzburg in 1972. After research stays in England, USA and France he became a Professor in 1980 at the Technical University in Munich. Since 1985 he is Director at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research in Stuttgart, Germany. He has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1985 for the discovery of the Quantum Hall Effect. This discovery was the starting point of different Nobel Prizes in low dimensional semiconductors and is important in the field of fundamental constants and the introduction of a new international system of units expected in 2019. He has published about 600 papers and holds 22 honorary degrees including a Dr.h.c. from the University of Montpellier.